(i) India has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean. It is her eminent position in the Indian Ocean which justifies the naming of an ocean after it.
(ii) India's contacts with the world have continued through the ages but her relationships through the land routes are much older than her maritime contact. The various passes across the mountains in the north have provided passages to the ancient travellers. These routes have contributed in the exchange of ideas and commodities since ancient times.
(iii) The ideas of the Upanishads and the Ramayana, the stories of Panchtantra, the Indian numerals and the decimal system have reached many parts of the world.