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Describe the location and size of India.

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India's Location

• Lies entirely in Northern hemisphere between latitudes 8°4' N and 37°6' N and longitudes 68°7' E and 97°25' E.

• Divided by Tropic of cancer (23°30' N) in almost two equal parts.

• In Southeast, Andaman and Nicobar islands lie in Bay of Bengal.

• In Southwest, Lakshadweep islands lie in Arabian Sea.

Its Size

• Total Area of India is 3.28 million square km which is 2.4 percent of the total area of the world.

• It is seventh largest country in the world in terms of landmass.

• It has land boundary about 15,200 km and the total length of the coast line of the mainland
including Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands is 7,516.6 km.

• In the northwest, north and north east of India, young folds mountains bounds it.

• South of about 22° north latitude, India narrows and finally extends towards the Indian Ocean. It also divides it into two seas, the Arabian Sea on the west and the Bay of Bengal on its east.

• The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of the mainland is about 30°.

• India’s east-west extent appears to be smaller than the north-south extent.

• The time along the Standard Meridian (82°30' E) passing through Mirzapur in UP is taken as the Indian Standard Time for whole country.

• The time gap between Arunachal Pradesh present in the east and Gujarat present in the west is about 2 hours. The latitudinal extent influences the duration of day and night, as one moves from south to north.
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