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Write an essay of 200−250 words in any one of the following topics.Cinema-Its merits and demerits

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(ii) Cinema-its merits and demerits:
The Cinema is an outstanding wonder of this modern age. Apart from the great pleasure it gives us an usual as a means of entertainment it is in many ways an education in itself.
The Cinema is also very valuable asset to educationists in imparting knowledge. the film companies from time to time produce historical pictures and these pictures are of great assistance to the teacher of history. Even some of Shakespeare's great dramas and comedies have been filmed. We thereby gain a much better idea of the play than would be possible from a causal reading of it.
The great importance of cinema is in the use of the film in the teaching of science and industry. There are educational film companies which devote their time to the filming of the lives and habits of animals, insects, fishes, germs and numerous other forms of life. We can see the hatching of eggs of fish and their development into large fishes. We can watch the unpleasing activity of many kind of germs and their effect on water, milk or blood. We can watch the opening and closing of flowers and leaves and growth of grass and weeds. All these actions and movements and greatly magnified on the screen. Such pictures are intensely interesting and are a great help in the cause of education.
In India we have a number of film companies producing very interesting films in Indian languages. Epic stories, historical plays and social dramas are successfully dealt with by our film producers.
The cinema is a cheap and fine source of amusement. Our life is busy. We want some relief from dull and routine work. The cinema is the most popular means of entertainment. Beautiful scenes, sweet songs and thrilling dances make us happy and forget the real world for some time and we are lost in the world of beauty and joy.
The cinema has its educative value too. A good film teaches us lots of lessons. It may tell us sometimes about history, geography, biology, hygiene and other things. We see the new countries, rivers, mountains etc., in a film. We see the dresses, customs, festivals etc., of people in different regions or countries. A film can teach us something of literature, philosophy and economics. Moreover, teaching through pictures is more lasting in the memory than teaching through books.
The cinema has an adverse effect on public morals. The lure of the cinema is so great that boys often steal to purchase the ticket and often tell a lie to their parents. Students may often be seen leaving their in order to enjoy a matinee the dirty songs, dances and love scenes so common in India films, corrupt the public morals and have an exciting on the young. They become sex conscious at an early age.
The cinema creates dissatisfaction with ones parents potion and status in life. In the pictures, the hero and the heroine are often shown rolling in wealth. They live in big and well furnished house, ride in cars, and have the most fashion clothes to wear. They seem to have nothing to do except make love and enjoy. All the show of wealth and comfort, naturally makes those persons dissatisfied who are not so favourably placed. They also want to enjoy like the characters of the film; and hence lose all happiness in their present life. This evil effect of the cinema is clearly seen in the behaviour of a large number of boys and girls who run away from their homes to become heroes and heroines.
The cinema also increases crime. People learn from it new methods of community crime. Many film glorify the career of criminal. He is often represented as a great hero who does brave deeds. This obviously has an adverse effects specially on those whose minds are immature and who can not think of themselves.
But the evil effect should not make us forget its many advantages. It is well known that it is important means of reaction. We can even say that for the poor masses of India. It is the only means of amusement. It is cheap and so within the reach of everyone. Besides the film provides entertainment for persons of all tastes. Musics, dance and dialogue and story are all combined in one, so that everyone can find something to amuse him in cinema film.
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